The important thing is to first understand what hypotension is. Hypotension is a condition that occurs when your blood pressure gets weaker than it normally should, and your body’s natural reactions are circumvented, which causes your oxygen levels to fall drastically. Normally your heart beats regularly as it pumps blood through your veins and arteries, and the pressure that is exerted against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats is measured as systolic and diastolic pressure. A systolic reading is taken as the heart contracts to push blood through the body. A diastolic reading shows the pressure against the artery walls as they relax after the heart pauses between contractions.
A good blood pressure reading is measured at a rate lower than 120/80 mm Hg (millimeters of Mercury). The 120 represents the systolic number, and most people have a systolic rate that falls between 90 and 120 mm Hg. The diastolic pressure is gauged to be normal if it falls between 60 to 80 mm Hg.
The fact is that some people, like professional athletes, may routinely have a 90/50 mm Hg reading. This could be due to their individual genetics or because of their more active lifestyle, and they don’t need to be concerned in that case. However, if your blood pressure is normally around 120/80 mm Hg, and you start to get readings closer to 100/60 mm Hg, you should take your drop in blood pressure seriously. Even small changes in blood pressure can have significant effects on your health. These effects can be damaging whether they are long term or short term.
To understand the way that your circulator}’ system depends on pressure, you need to know that your blood has to travel quickly and efficiently to do its job. The blood has to push through your entire circulatory system at a decent speed in order to feed all of the blood cells with oxygen and nutrients, as well as remove toxins and waste in a timely fashion. If your blood pressure is too low then your cells won’t get cared for properly; the cell activities, including that of your brain cells, will be affected by the lack of oxygen that they so desperately need.
Your body regulates your blood pressure by the beating of your heart and the control of the blood as it moves through your major arteries. As you get excited to the point of making your adrenaline increase, or do aerobic exercise and strenuous activities, your body will normally try to provide your cells and muscles with the necessary increase in oxygen and other nutrients you will need to meet the energy requirements. If you have low blood pressure and your body doesn’t respond correctly then you will feel the immediate effects of lack of oxygen. Over time, with prolonged lack of sufficient oxygen and cell needs, you will find that your organs will also be damaged or weakened by your hypotension.